We have developed here a critical introductory reading list for researchers in the broader area of internationalisation of higher education. This list goes beyond pedagogies and is meant to serve as a starting point for newer researchers in this field to develop critical understandings of key issues in international higher education.

We recognise this is a work in progress and hope to (slowly!) develop more categories in the future. We welcome any suggested additions through the following form: https://forms.gle/GJ7R1E4pBfpDPJfg8

Introductory texts to internationalisation

Altbach, P.G., Knight, J. (2007). The internationalization of higher education: Motivations and realities. Journal of Studies in International Education, 11(3-4), 290-305. https://doi.org/10.1177/1028315307303542

de Wit, H. & Altbach, P.G. (2021). Internationalization in higher education: Global trends and recommendations for its future. Policy Review in Higher Education, 5(1), 28-46. https://doi.org/10.1080/23322969.2020.1820898

Jones, E., & de Wit, H. (2012). Globalization of internationalization: Thematic and regional reflections on a traditional concept. AUDEM: The International Journal of Higher Education and Democracy 3, 35-54. https://www.muse.jhu.edu/article/500242  

Knight, J. (1994). Internationalization: Elements and checkpoints. (Research Monograph, No 7). Ottawa, Canada: Canadian Bureau for International Education. Available at: https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED549823.pdf 

Knight, J. (2004). Internationalization remodeled: Definition, approaches, and rationales. Journal of Studies in International Education, 8(1), 5-31. https://doi.org/10.1177/1028315303260832 

Leask, B. (2009). Using formal and informal curricula to improve interactions between home and international students. Journal of Studies in International Education, 13(2), 205-221. https://doi.org/10.1177/1028315308329786 

Mittelmeier, J., Rienties, B., Gunter, A., & Raghuram, P. (2021). Conceptualizing internationalization at a distance: A “third category” of university internationalization. Journal of Studies in International Education, 25(3), 266-282. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F1028315320906176

Rizvi, F., & Walsh, L. (1998). Difference, globalisation and the internationalisation of curriculum. Australian Universities’ Review, 41(2), 7–11. https://search.informit.com.au/documentSummary;dn=200001429;res=IELAPA 

Overview of current publications in the wider field

Bedenlier, S., Kondakci, Y. & Zawacki-Richter, O. (2018). Two decades of research into internationalization of higher education: Major themes in the Journal of Studies in International Education (1997-2016). Journal of Studies in International Education, 22(2), 108-135. https://doi.org/10.1177/102831531771009

Kosmützky, A., & Putty, R. (2016). Transcending borders and traversing boundaries: A systematic review of the literature on transnational, offshore, cross-border, and borderless higher education. Journal of Studies in International Education, 20(1), 8–33. https://doi.org/10.1177/1028315315604719

Kuzhabekova, A., Hendel, D.D., & Chapman, D.W. (2015). Mapping global research on international higher education. Research in Higher Education, 56, 861-882. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11162-015-9371-1

Lomer, S. & Mittelmeier, J. (2021). Mapping the research on pedagogies with international students in the UK: A systematic literature review. Teaching in Higher Education. https://doi.org/10.1080/13562517.2021.1872532

Mwangi, C., Latafat, S., Hammond, S., Kommers, S., Thoma, H., Berger, J., & Blanco-Ramirez, G. (2018). Criticality in international higher education research: A critical discourse analysis of higher education journals. Higher Education, 76(6), 1091–1107. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10734-018-0259-9 

Tight, M. (2021). Globalization and internationalization as frameworks for higher education research. Research Papers in Education, 1, 52-74. https://doi.org/10.1080/02671522.2019.1633560

Yemini, M. & Sagie, N. (2016). Research on internationalisation in higher education — exploratory analysis. Perspectives: Policy and Practice in Higher Education, 2-3, 90-98. https://doi.org/10.1080/13603108.2015.1062057 

Historical overviews of internationalisation of higher education

Altbach, P.G., & de Wit, H. (2015) Internationalization and global tension: Lessons From history. Journal of Studies in International Education, 19(1), 4-10. https://doi.org/10.1177/1028315314564734 

Buckner, E. S. (2017). The changing discourse on higher education and the nation-state, 1960-2010. Higher Education, 74, 473-489. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10734-016-0056-2

Choudaha, R. (2017). Three waves of international student mobility (1999–2020). Studies in Higher Education, 42(5), 825-832. https://doi.org/10.1080/03075079.2017.1293872 

Indelicato, M. E., & Pražić, I. (2019). The legacy of cold war anti-racism: A genealogy of cultural distance in the internationalisation of higher education. Paedagogica Historica, 55(2), 295–313. https://doi.org/10.1080/00309230.2018.1551410 

McCartney, D. (2016). From ‘welcome sojourners’ to ‘dangerous immigrants’: Exploring discourse in international student policy talk, 1945-1975. Historical Studies in Education, 28(2), 1-27. https://doi.org/10.32316/hse/rhe.v28i2.4457

Perraton, H. (2017). Foreign students in the twentieth century: A comparative study of patterns and policies in Britain, France, Russia and the United States. Policy Reviews in Higher Education , 1(2), 161–186. https://doi.org/10.1080/23322969.2017.1303788 

Macro influences on internationalisation of higher education

Bamberger, A., Morris, P., & Yemini, M. (2019). Neoliberalism, internationalisation, and higher education: Connections, contradictions, and alternatives. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 40(20), 203-216. https://doi.org/10.1080/01596306.2019.1569879 

Buckner, E. (2020). Embracing the global: The role of ranking, research mandate, and sector in the internationalisation of higher education. Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education. https://doi.org/10.1080/03057925.2020.1753499

Collins, H. (2018). Interculturality from above and below: Navigating uneven discourses in a neoliberal university system. Language and Intercultural Communication, 18(2), 167–183. https://doi.org/10.1080/14708477.2017.1354867 

Hauptman Komotar, M. (2019). Global university rankings and their impact on the internationalisation of higher education. European Journal of Education, 54(2), 299–310. https://doi.org/10.1111/ejed.12332 

Kamola, I. (2014). US universities and the production of the global imaginary. The British Journal of Politics & International Relations, 16(3), 515-533. https://doi.org/10.1111%2Fj.1467-856X.2012.00540.x

Kondakci, Y., Bedenlier, S., & Zawacki-Richter, O. (2018). Social network analysis of international student mobility: Uncovering the rise of regional hubs. Higher Education, 75, 517-535. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10734-017-0154-9

Lomer, S. (2017). Soft power as a rationale for international education in the UK: A critical analysis. Higher Education, 74, 581-598. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10734-016-0060-6 

Marginson, S. (2006). Dynamics of national and global competition in higher education. Higher Education, 52, 1-39. https://doi.org/10.1007%252Fs10734-004-7649-x

Marginson, S. (2021). What drives global science? The four competing narratives. Studies in Higher Education. https://doi.org/10.1080/03075079.2021.1942822

Stehr, N., & Ufer, U. (2009). On the global distribution and dissemination of knowledge. International Social Science Journal60(195), 7-24. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2451.2009.01697.x


Critical perspectives on internationalisation of higher education as a field

Brandenburg, U., & de Wit, H. (2011). The end of internationalization. International Higher Education, 62, 15-17. https://doi.org/10.6017/ihe.2011.62.8533

Buckner, E., & Stein, S. (2020). What counts as internationalization? Deconstructing the internationalization imperative. Journal of Studies in International Education, 24(2), 151–166. https://doi.org/10.1177/1028315319829878 

Cousin, G. (2011). Rethinking the concept of ‘western’. Higher Education Research and Development, 30(5), 585-594. https://doi.org/10.1080/07294360.2011.598449

Mwangi, C., Latafat, S., Hammond, S., Kommers, S., Thoma, H., Berger, J., & Blanco-Ramirez, G. (2018). Criticality in international higher education research: A critical discourse analysis of higher education journals. Higher Education, 76(6), 1091–1107. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10734-018-0259-9

Rizvi, F. (2019). Global interconnectivity and its ethical challenges in education. Asia Pacific Education Review, 20(2), 315–326. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12564-019-09596-y

Stier, J. (2004). Taking a critical stance towards internationalization in higher education: Idealism, instrumentalism, and educationalism. Globalization, Societies, and Education, 1, 1-28. https://doi.org/10.1080/1476772042000177069 

Stein, S. (2019). Critical internationalization studies at an impasse: Making space for complexity, uncertainty, and complicity in a time of global challenges. Studies in Higher Education. https://doi.org/10.1080/03075079.2019.1704722 

Critical perspectives on work with international students

Stein, S., & Andreotti, V. (2016). Cash, competition, or charity: international students and the global imaginary. Higher Education72(2), 225-239. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10734-015-9949-8

Dervin, F. (2011). A plea for change in research on intercultural discourses: A ‘liquid’ approach to the study of the acculturation of Chinese students. Journal of Multicultural Discourses, 69(1), 37-52. https://doi.org/10.1080/17447143.2010.532218

Harrison, N. (2015). Practice, problems and power in “internationalisation at home”: Critical reflections on recent research evidence. Teaching in Higher Education, 20(4), 412–430. https://doi.org/10.1080/13562517.2015.1022147 

Hayes, A. (2019). “We love it because we felt we existed there in the classroom!”: International students as epistemic equals versus double-country oppression. Journal of Studies in International Education, 23(5), 554-571. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F1028315319826304

Heng, T. T. (2018). Different is not deficient: Contradicting stereotypes of Chinese international students in US higher education. Studies in Higher Education, 43(1), 22-36. https://doi.org/10.1080/03075079.2016.1152466

Jones, E. (2017). Problematising and reimagining the notion of ‘international student experience’. Studies in Higher Education, 42(5), 933-943. https://doi.org/10.1080/03075079.2017.1293880 

Madge, C., Raghuram, P., & Noxolo, P. (2014). Conceptualizing international education: From international student to international study. Progress in Human Geography, 39(6), 681-701. https://doi.org/10.1177/0309132514526442   

Marginson, S. (2012). Including the other: Regulation of the human rights of mobile students in a nation-bound world. Higher Education, 63(4), 497-512. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10734-011-9454-7

Moosavi, L. (2020). The myth of academic tolerance: The stigmatisation of East Asian students in Western higher education. Asian Ethnicity. https://doi.org/10.1080/14631369.2021.1882289

Ploner, J. (2018). International students’ transitions to UK higher education – Revisting the concept and practice of academic hospitality. Journal of Research in International Education, 17(2), 164-178. https://doi.org/10.1177/1475240918786690

Song, X., & McCarthy, G. (2018). Governing Asian international students: The policy and practice of essentialising ‘critical thinking’. Globalisation, Societies, and Education, 16(3), 353-365. https://doi.org/10.1080/14767724.2017.1413978

Tran, L.T., & Vu, T.T.P. (2017). ‘Responsibility in mobility’: International students and social responsibility. Globalisation, Societies, and Education, 15(5), 561-575. https://doi.org/10.1080/14767724.2016.1195729

Wang, S., Moskal, M., & Schweisfurth, M. (2020). The social practice of silence in intercultural classrooms at a UK university. Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education. https://doi.org/10.1080/03057925.2020.1798215

Waters, J. L. (2012). Geographies of international education: Mobilities and the reproduction of social (dis)advantage. Geography Compass6(3), 123-136. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-8198.2011.00473.x

Waters, J.L. (2018). International education is political! Exploring the politics of international student mobilities. Journal of International Students, 8(3), 1459-1478. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1254611

International students / staff and intersectional identities

Bardhan, N., & Zhang, B. (2017). A post/decolonial view of race and identity through the narratives of U.S. international students from the Global South. Communication Quarterly, 65(3), 285–306. https://doi.org/10.1080/01463373.2016.1237981 

Gayton, A. M. (2019). Exploring the widening participation-internationalisation nexus: Evidence from current theory and practice Journal of Further and Higher Education. https://doi.org/10.1080/0309877X.2019.1678014 

Kim, T., & Ng, W. (2019). Ticking the ‘other’ box: positional identities of East Asian academics in UK universities, internationalisation and diversification. Policy Reviews in Higher Education, 3(1), 94-119. https://doi.org/10.1080/23322969.2018.1564886

Madriaga, M., & McCaig, C. (2019). How international students of colour become Black: A story of whiteness in English higher education. Teaching in Higher Education. https://doi.org/10.1080/13562517.2019.1696300 

Song, J. (2020). Contesting and negotiating othering from within: A Saudi Arabian female student’s gendered experiences in the U.S. Journal of Language, Identity, & Education, 19(3), 149-162. https://doi.org/10.1080/15348458.2019.1654386

Yao, C.W., Mwangi, C.A.G., & Brown, V.K.M. (2019). Exploring the intersection of transnationalism and critical race theory: A critical race analysis of international students experiences in the United States. Race Ethnicity and Education, 22(1), 38-58. https://doi.org/10.1080/13613324.2018.1497968

Zhang, S., & Xu, C.L. (2020). The making of transnational distinction: An embodied cultural capital perspective on Chinese women students’ mobilty. British Journal of Sociology of Education, 41(8), 1251-1267. https://doi.org/10.1080/01425692.2020.1804836

Colonial legacies of internationalisation of higher education

Aman, R. (2015). In the name of interculturality: On colonial legacies of intercultural education. British Education Research Journal, 41(3), 520-534. https://doi.org/10.1002/berj.3153

Chatterjee, S., & Barber, K. (2020). Between ‘here-now’ and ‘there-then’: the West and Asia’s colonial entanglements in international higher education. Higher Education. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10734-020-00538-x

Majee, U. (2020). Beyond the global-local binaries of higher education internationalization in post-apartheid South Africa. Journal of Studies in International Education, 24(1), 131-147. https://doi.org/10.1177/1028315319889869

Majee, U. S., & Ress, S. B. (2020). Colonial legacies in internationalisation of higher education: Racial justice and geopolitical redress in South Africa and Brazil. Compare, 50(4), 463–481. https://doi.org/10.1080/03057925.2018.1521264 

Papoutsaki, E. & Rooney, D. (2006). Colonial legacies and neo-colonial practices in Papua New Guinean higher education. Higher Education Research and Development, 25(4), 421-433. https://doi.org/10.1080/07294360600947434

Thondhlana, J., Abdulrahman, H., Chiyevo Garwe, E., & McGrath, S. (2020). Exploring the internationalization of Zimbabwe’s higher education institutions through a decolonial lens: Postcolonial continuities and disruptions. Journal of Studies in International Education. https://doi.org/10.1177/1028315320932319 

Intersections of decolonisation and internationalisation

Andreotti, V.O. (2011). (Towards) decoloniality and diversality in global citizenship education. Globalisation, Societies, and Education, 9(3–4), 381–397. https://doi.org/10.1080/14767724.2011.605323 

De Lissovoy, N. (2010). Decolonial pedagogy and the ethics of the global. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 31(3), 279-293. https://doi.org/10.1080/01596301003786886

Joseph, C. (2008). Difference, subjectivities, and power: (De)colonizing practices in internationalizing the curriculum. Intercultural Education, 19(1), 29-39. https://doi.org/10.1080/14675980701852350

le Grange, L. (2018). Decolonising, Africanising, indigenising, and internationalising curriculum studies: Opportunities to (re)imagine the field. Journal of Education, 74, 1–18. https://doi.org/10.17159/2520-9868/i74a01 

Moosavi, L. (2020). “Can East Asian students think?”: Orientalism, critical thinking, and the decolonial project. Education Sciences, 10(10). https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci10100286

Stein, S. (2017). The persistent challenges of addressing epistemic dominance in higher education: Considering the case of curriculum internationlization. Comparative Education Reivew, 61(S1), 25-50. https://doi.org/10.1086/690456

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